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南开中青年经济学者论坛第二期
来源:经济学院          时间:2017-12-15 17:52:48

讲座题目:人均收入,质量偏好,与产品出口

Per-capita Income, Tastes for Quality, and Exports Across Countries

报告人: 徐楠  博士

时间:12月22日(周五) 14:30

地点:经济学院高层 10楼会议室

演讲论文摘要:

本文研究人均收入对质量差异产品出口模式的影响。产品质量认知取决于产品的固有特性以及消费者的质量偏好,本文构建模型将非位似偏好和产品质量异质性结合,使高收入消费者需求更高比例的高质量产品,突出收入在消费偏好中的作用。实证分析采用中国家用音像设备行业进出口数据,在企业-产品层面分析出口企业在不同收入国家的定价和销售行为。

This paper studies how per-capita income affects trade patterns of quality-differentiated goods across countries. A product's perceived quality depends on intrinsic characteristics of the product as well as consumers' tastes for quality. In addition to aggregate income, this paper features a taste for quality channel through which a destination's income per capita causes the variety-quality tradeoff in product exports. I build a model combining non-homothetic preferences and product quality heterogeneity in which rich consumers demand disproportionately more high-quality varieties than poor consumers. To assess the evidence, I construct a quality index and examine cross-country variation in prices and export sales at the firm-product level with Chinese disaggregate trade data from the Household Audio and Video Equipment industry. In line with the model's predictions, the results show that firms charge higher prices in richer countries, and the effects of GDP per capita on export sales differ by product quality.

 

报告人简介

 

 

徐楠,经济学博士,2017年毕业于科罗拉多大学博德分校(University of Colorado Boulder)经济系。主要研究领域包括国际贸易理论与政策分析。